BRAC seeks to build awareness and demand for the Graduation approach among a critical mass of stakeholders through strategic outreach and advocacy centered around evidence-based results.
In 2002, BRAC pioneered the Ultra-Poor Graduation (Graduation) approach in Bangladesh, the first holistic intervention to help people lift themselves from extreme poverty, after recognizing that existing poverty alleviation programs were not reaching the poorest people. Through the provision of livelihood assets, cash transfers, and continued mentoring and training, the Graduation approach addresses participants’ multidimensional needs within the local context and helps the world’s poorest people transit.
BRAC Ultra-Poor Graduation Initiative (2020)
People in ultra-poverty make up over half of the estimated 797 million people living in extreme poverty around the world (Reed et al. 2017, 4). This group tends to be food insecure, typically excluded from mainstream services and programs, including formal market systems and financial services, and in some contexts live in isolated and hard-to-reach areas. To address such a complex and multifaceted problem, it is necessary to implement holistic interventions that make sustainable improvements in the lives of extreme and ultra-poor people. This paper argues that the Graduation approach is one such approach that aims to equip this population with the tools, access to resources, livelihoods, and self-confidence to escape the poverty trap.
BRAC Ultra-Poor Graduation Initiative (2019)
In the fall of 2019 we were honored to join with others committed to bringing the slogan “leave no one behind” to life in the new book Leave No One Behind: Time for Specifics on the Sustainable Development Goals, published this fall by the Japan International Cooperation Research Institute (JICA) and the Global Economy and Development program at the Brookings Institution. Our chapter, attached here, is about “Breaking Out of the Poverty Trap”. We hope our work is of use to policymakers, academics, activists, and leaders of international organizations and civil society groups, who work every day to promote the advancement of economic and social inclusion around the world.
The Brookings Institution (2019)
The 2019 Human Development Report is the latest in the series of global Human Development Reports published by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) since 1990 as independent, analytically and empirically grounded discussions of major development issues, trends and policies.
United Nations Development Program (UNDP) (2019)
The Partnership for Economic Inclusion presents their yearly report on the state of the Graduation sector around the globe. The synthesis report presents on the overall Graduation landscape, the major actors involved, how Graduation is changing development and program and design implementation topics.
Partner for Economic Inclusion (PEI) (2018)
The International Policy Centre for Inclusive Growth presents a multitude of articles all focused on various aspects of the Graduation approach and programming, including a piece written by BRAC’s own members of the Ultra-Poor Graduation Initiative team entitled “What does the future hold for graduation?”
International Policy Centre for Inclusive Growth (IPC-IG) (November 2017)
CGAP brief on the success of the Graduation approach in increasing incomes and resilience for people in extreme poverty. Given the Sustainable Development Goals’ (SDG) global focus on eradicating extreme poverty by 2030, the graduation approach should form an integral component of national social protection and poverty reduction strategies, along with social transfers, guaranteed employment, social insurance, and labor market support.
Syed M. Hashemi and Aude de Montesquiou, with Katharine McKee (December 2016)
Ultra Poor Graduation: The Strongest Case so Far for Why Financial Services Must Be a Part of the Solution to Extreme Poverty
A review posted by the Center for Financial Inclusion at Accion International, written by Shameran Abed, Director, BRAC Microfinance Program (June 2015).
Shameran Abed, June 2015