Insights and Research


BRAC seeks to build awareness and demand for the Graduation Approach among a critical mass of stakeholders through strategic outreach and advocacy centered around evidence-based results.

Graduation Pathways: Increasing Income and Resilience for the Extreme Poor

CGAP brief on the success of the Graduation approach in increasing incomes and resilience for the extreme poor.

Syed M. Hashemi and Aude de Montesquiou, with Katharine McKee (December 2016)

Ultra Poor Graduation: The Strongest Case so Far for Why Financial Services Must Be a Part of the Solution to Extreme Poverty

A review posted by the Center for Financial Inclusion at Accion International, written by Shameran Abed, Director, BRAC Microfinance Program (June 2015).

Shameran Abed, June 2015

From Extreme Poverty to Sustainable Livelihoods: A Technical Guide to the Graduation Approach

This Technical Guide distills lessons from the 10 CGAP-Ford Foundation graduation pilots implemented from 2008-2014. This Guide will be updated in 2016.

Aude de Montesquiou Tony Sheldon with Frank F. DeGiovanni and Syed M. Hashemi (September 2014)


Proof-of-concept tested, and with increasing interest from various stakeholders and countries in adapting the approach, we are at a moment of tremendous opportunity for international scale and adaptation.

Eliminating Extreme Poverty: Comparing the Cost-Effectiveness of Livelihood, Cash Transfer, and Graduation Approaches

Munshi Sulaiman, Nathanael Goldberg, Dean Karlan, Aude de Montesquiou (December 2016)

Labor Markets and Poverty in Village Economies

Oriana Bandiera, Robin Burgess, Narayan Das, Selim Gulesci, Imran Rasul, Munshi Sulaimany (March 2016)

Transforming the Economic Lives of the Ultra Poor

Clare Balboni, Oriana Bandiera, Robin Burgess, Upaasna Kaul (December 2015)

A Multifaceted Program Causes Lasting Progress for the Very Poor: Evidence from Six Countries

Abhijit Banerjee, Esther Duflo, Nathanael Goldberg, Dean Karlan, Robert Osei, William Parienté, Jeremy Shapiro, Bram Thuysbaert, Christopher Udry (May 2015)